Both proposals are an institutionalised extension of the Eurosphere in form of a new format that is close to the EU.
It shows imho that the time indeed has come to tackle the problems involved both within the EU (ever closer Union, Poland/Hungary) and outside of it (different formats like EFTA, EEA, ECU, unilateral talks with CH, UK, stalling accession processes, growing number of candidates, failing of the current European security framework).
At the moment there is no real forum for multilateral discussion between EU Institutions, close European nations that don't want to join the EU (most notably UK, Norway, Switzerland and Iceland) and EU candidates of different levels (WB, Turkey, Eastern European Partnership).
The Council of Europe and the OSCE come close but they are discussions between European states and have no connection to the EU — the EU institutional involvement would be key here imho.
Next step could be a European Security Council which has been proposed by several politicians and think tanks in the past.
The EU can provide pan member state insights — like CARD and Strategic Compass. We are seeing a very potent toolbox in development here.
Thus I think we will see some things happening in parallel:
1) the EU will start to build up own capacities
2) the MS will align their forces (with NATO standards and joint procurement)
3) smaller MS will consolidate their forces (Baltics?) and/or join capability clusters which are lead by larger MS.
Looking at Coordination vs Cooperation … I think it will go hand in hand: Some smaller MS already started to align or consolidate parts of their forces (Dutch-German or BeNeLux cooperation for example). Germany has promised to be the backbone of European territorial defence for years — especially in form of the Framework Nation Concept. With the Zeitenwende now proclaimed by Olaf Scholz it could indeed become reality.
Every EU member state should commit to 2%/GDP to defence (like NATO). Additionally I would like to see some commitment to joint procurement (like: x% of defence budget) as well — via OCCAR or PESCO/EDF.
Could the EU take over the European pillar of NATO?
Emanuel Macron and Enrico Letta call for a new kind of EU membership — called European Political Community or European Confederation. This could be body not only for the three Eastern European countries and the Western Balkans, but for Norway, Switzerland and the UK as well.
Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia are willing to join the EU to leave the Russian sphere of influence once and for all.
Finland and Sweden are about to join NATO. Denmark is about to join CSDP.
Member of Forum Götterfunken, Moderator of the European Federalists subreddit among others.
In varietate concordia 🇪🇺